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Fabric Dictionary

Faconne

Fiber: Silk or rayon.

Weave: Figured weave or "burnt-out" finish.

Characteristics: Faconne in French, means fancy weave. Has small designs all over the fabric. Fairly light in weight, and could be slightly Créped. Background is much more sheer than the designs, therefore the designs seem to stand out. Very effective when worn over a different color. Drapes, handle, and wears well.

Uses: Dresses, blouses, scarves, after 5, dressy afternoon and bridal wear.

Faconne Velvet

Patterned velvet made by burnt-out print process. The design is of velvet with background plain.

Faille

Fiber: Silk, rayon.

Weave: Crosswise rib.

Characteristics: A soft transversely ribbed silk or rayon fabric. Has a definite crosswise rib effect. Very soft material that drapes well. Finer than grosgrain but in that family - ribs are also flatter than in grosgrain. Some belongs to the Crépe family. It is rather difficult to launder. Will give good wear if handled properly. Has a lustrous finish.

Uses: Dresses, blouses, soft evening purses, some dressy coats.

French

Faille Taffeta

Made with a crosswise rib weave. Has a distinct rib effect and is usually quite heavy and firm.

Felt

Fiber: Wool, reprocessed wool, reused wool, scrap fiber, can be mixed with other fibers, cotton, rayon.

Weave: Not woven but felted.

Characteristics: A very compact fabric in various weights and thicknesses. Has grain so can be cut anyway. Needs no hemming or finishing, because it does not fray.

Uses: Many industrial uses, such as: piano hammers and in the printing industry. Many novelties, such as: pennants, slippers, lining of many kinds, insoles, and toys. Hats and felt skirts.

Fiber

Any tough substance, natural or manmade, composed of thread-like tissue capable of being made into yarn.

Fiber Base

Most man-made fibers are formed by forcing a syrupy substance (about the consistency of honey) through the tiny holes of a device called a spinneret.

Fiberglass

Fibers and yarns produced from glass and woven into flexible fabrics. Noted for its fireproof qualities.

Fill

The threads running widthwise across a piece of fabric.

Finished Goods

Fabric that has been processed by dyeing, printing, applying of special resins and finishes, and is ready for market.

Finishing

The process of dyeing, printing, etc. of greige goods.

Flannel

Fiber: Wool, worsted, cotton, rayon. 1 a kind of woven woolen fabric, usu. without a nap. b (in pl.) flannel garments, esp. trousers. 2 Brit. a small usu. toweling cloth, used for washing oneself. Perhaps from Welsh gwlanen, from gwl'n 'wool'

Flannelette

Fiber: Cotton

Weave: Plain and twill.

Characteristics: A napped cotton fabric imitating flannel. A heavy, soft material with a napped finish, usually only on one side. In cheaper qualities the nap comes off. Launders well, easy to manipulate and is warm to wear. There are many types on the market. It may be bleached, dyed, printed, or woven in colored stripes.

Uses: Infants and children's wear, men's, women's and children's sleeping wear, pocket linings, quilts, shirtings.

Flat Crépe

Also called French Crépe or Lingerie Crépe but not exactly the same. It is the flattest of all the Crépes with only a very slight pebbled or Crépe effect hard twist alternating 25 x 22 in filling; warp has ordinary twist. It is very soft and pliable, which makes it good for draping. It is very light weight - 2 times as many ends as picks. It may be white, colored, or printed. Most of it launders well.

Uses: Accessories, blouses, dress goods, negligees, pajamas and other pieces of lingerie and linings.

Flax

This fiber is taken from the stalk of the Linum usitatissimum plant. It is a long, smooth fiber and is cylindrical in shape. its length varies from 6 to 40 inches but on average is between 15 and 25 inches. its color is usually off-white or tan and due to its natural wax content, flax has excellent luster. It is considered to be the strongest of the vegetable fibers and is highly absorbent, allowing moisture to evaporate with speed. It conducts heat well and can be readily boiled. It's wash ability is great, however, it has poor elasticity and does not easily return to its original shape after creasing.

Uses: Apparel fabric. When processed into fabric it is called linen. It is also used for tablecloths, napkins, doilies, twine, aprons, fishing tackle, and nets.

Fleece

Fiber: Wool, specialty hair fibers, cotton.

Weave: Plain, twill, pile or knitted.

Characteristics: Has a deep, soft nap or pile, obtained by heavily napping with wire brushes or with a pile weave. This provides air space giving good insulating properties without too much weight. The interlacings are well covered by the nap. The nap wears out in time, but good quality cloth gives good wear. Range from cheap to expensive clothes. Material is often cumbersome and bulky, therefore it may be difficult to manipulate. Also, the name for the entire coat of wool taken from a sheep at shearing time.

Uses: Mostly used for coats for men, women, and children.

Flock

1. A lock or tuft of wool, cotton, etc. 2. A (also in pl.; often attrib.) material for quilting and stuffing made of wool refuse or torn-up cloth (a flock pillow). b powdered wool or cloth.

Middle English via Old French floc from Latin floccus.

Foulard

Fiber: Silk, rayon, very fine cotton, very fine worsted.

Weave: Twill, 2 up 2 down.

Characteristics: Very soft, light fabric. Noted for its soft finish and feel. It is usually printed with small figures on a dark or light background. Similar to Surah and Tie Silk, but finer. Was originally imported from India.

Uses: Dresses, robes, scarves, and neckwear of all kinds. First made for the handkerchief trade.

Fox

Characteristics: color varies from black to red, silver, silver-gray and white.

Uses: Scarves, muffs, jackets, coats, trimmings, also to provide softness in wool blends for textile industry.

Frise

Fiber: Rayon most popular, also mohair and silk and synthetics. The ground or backing yarns are usually made of cotton. Sometimes jute or hemp are combined with the cotton.

Weave: Pile (looped).

Characteristics: Made usually with uncut loops in all-over pattern. It is sometimes patterned by shearing the loops at different lengths. Some made with both cut and uncut loops in the form of a pattern.

Uses: Upholstery, also used widely as transportation fabric by railroads, buses, and airplanes. Frise is also spelled Frieze but frieze really refers to a rough, fuzzy, rizzy, boardy woolen over coating fabric which originated in Friesland Holland. Often used for over coating material for soldiers. Much adulteration is given the cloth. Irish frieze is quite popular and more reliable and is called "cotha more"

Fustian

Fiber: cotton or cotton with linen or flax.

Weave: cross woven when a mix.

Characteristics: Was used for undergarments and linings. Originally made in Fustat near Cairo, hence its name.