LOS ANGELES STORE
TEMPORARILY CLOSED
DUE TO CONSTRUCTION
201-933-7565

Fabric Dictionary

Jackrabbit

Animal also known as a Hare. Hair texture is woolly.

Uses: Felting.

Jacquard

A woven design made with the aid of a jacquard head (this constitutes a jacquard loom) and may vary from simple, self-colored, spot effects to elaborate, multi colored all-over effects.

The loom operates a bit like the roller on a player piano. But instead of notes, it gives instructions to the machine on how to create the design.

Named after J. M. Jacquard, French inventor of the loom d. 1834

Jersey

Fiber: Wool, worsted, silk, cotton, rayon, and synthetics.

Weave: Knitted on circular, flat-bed or warp knitted methods (later popular as a tricot-knit).

Characteristics: Right side has lengthwise ribs (Wales) and wrong side has crosswise ribs (courses). Very elastic with good draping qualities. Has special crease-resistant qualities due to its construction. Is knitted plain or has many elaborate tweed designs and fancy motifs as well as printed designs. Can look very much like woven fabric. Wears very well and if washable, it washes very well. First made on the Island of Jersey off the English coast and used for fisherman's clothing. Stretch as you sew.

Uses: Dress goods, sportswear, suits, underwear, coats, gloves, sweaters, hats.

Jusi

Jusi fabric was once made from Abaca or Banana_Silk, but since the 1960's, it has been replaced by imported Silk Organza. A Barong Tagalog (or simply Barong) is an embroidered formal garment of the Philippines. Most barong are made of Pina_Cloth or Jusi fabric. Jusi is mechanically woven and stronger than the Pina Cloth, which is hand loomed and more delicate. However, pina cloth is more expensive than Jusi and is thus used for very formal events.

Jute

Jute (or Burlap) is used in textiles for interiors, especially for wall hangings and a group of bright, homespun-effect draperies and wall coverings. Natural jute has a yellow to brown or gray color, with a silky luster. It consists of bundles of fiber held together by gummy substances that are pertinacious in character. It is difficult to bleach completely, so many fabrics are bright, dark, or natural brown in color. Jute reacts to chemicals in the same way as do cotton and flax. It has a good resistance to microorganisms and insects. Moisture increases the speed of deterioration but dry jute will last for a very long time. Jute works well for bagging, because it does not extend and is somewhat rough and coarse. This tends to keep stacks of bags in position and resist slippage. It is widely used in the manufacture of linoleum and carpets for backing or base fabric.