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Fabric Dictionary

Rabbit

Characteristics: Wild rabbits have brownish or gray colors. Tame ones range in color from white to black. Uses Coats and trimmings.

Raccoon

Characteristics: Native American. The fur is brown-brown and black.

Uses: Sportswear. Pelt is used for trimmings for cloth and fur coats. Only the woolly fiber is used for textile purposes.

Radium

Weave: Plain

Characteristics: Originated in Lyons France. It has high luster and is smooth and soft.

Radium

Weave: Plain

Characteristics: Originated in Lyons France. It has high luster and is smooth and soft.

Rajah

Fiber: Silk, rayon.

Weave: Plain - warp yarn is 4 thread organized - filling is heavier.

Characteristics: Made from a tussah silk or certain silk wastes. It belongs to the pongee family of silks. Made from irregular yarns, so has slubs and irregularities but thicker than shantung. it is rather compact and strong. Has a pebble-like feel and appearance. Comes in all colors as well as natural ecru shades, but often warp and filling are different colors (iridescent effect).

Ramie

Ramie is a natural woody fiber resembling flax. Also know as rhea and China grass, it is obtained from a tall shrub grown in South-east Asia. China, Japan, and southern Europe. The fiber is stiff, more brittle than linen, and highly lustrous. It can be bleached to extreme whiteness. Ramie fibers are long and very fine. They are white and lustrous and almost silk-like in appearance. The strength of ramie is excellent and varies from 5.3 to 7.4 grams per denier. Elastic recovery is low and elongation is poor. Ramie lends itself to general processing for textile yarns, but its retting operation is difficult and costly, making the fiber unprofitable for general use. When combed, ramie is half the density of linen, but much stronger, coarser, and more absorbent. It has permanent luster and good affinity for dyes; it is affected little by moisture. Ramie is used as filling yarn in mixed woolen fabrics, as adulteration with silk fibers, and as a substitute for flax. The China-grass cloth use by the Chinese is made of Ramie. This fiber is also useful for rope, twine, and nets.

Ratine

Weave: Plain

Characteristics: Originated in Italy. Ratine is a French word that means rough. This fiber has an uneven, pebbled surface. It comes in solid colors and prints and is executed in silk, cotton or wool.

Rayon

Fiber: Cellulose

Characteristics: Any of various textile fibers or fabrics made from viscose. This cellulose fiber is highly absorbent. Its drapability and dye ability are excellent and it is fairly soft. Rayon does have a tendency to shrink but does not melt in high temperatures. It is resistant to moths and is not affected by ordinary household bleaches and chemicals.

Uses: Clothing, draperies, upholstery, carpets, tablecloths, bedspreads, automobile tires, conveyor belts, hose.

Redwood Bark

This fiber is obtained from the bark of the California redwood tree. It is used for insulation and sometimes for blending with other fibers such as wool and cotton.

Repp

Fiber: Wool, worsted, silk, rayon, wool ottoman, cotton or a blend.

Weave: Crosswise rib.

Characteristics: Has a pronounced narrow cylindrical rib in the filling direction - less distinct than bengaline; more distinct than poplin. Sometimes a very distinct rib is alternated with a small rib. It is similar to poplin but heavier in cotton. Can be dyed, printed, or white. Frays badly. Difficult to press (may flatten rib).

Uses: Heavy suits, and coats for men's and boy's wear, and also for some women. Also used for upholstery and drapery.

Romaine

Weave: Plain

Characteristics: It is a lightweight textile with a low thread count. it is lustrous and has an uneven textural appearance. It was originally made of silk but is found today in rayon, acetate, wool, silk and manufactured fibers.

Ruche

Characteristics: Fluted or crimped lace or gauze, used as a trimming