- Union Cloth
A plain weave fabric made from two or more different fibers. most often a cotton warp and a linen filling.
This bast fiber comes from the Urena lobata plant. In its wild state it grows 3 to 7 feet high and when cultivated can grow as tall as 13 feet. The fiber strands are cream colored and have a wonderful luster. This fiber is mainly grown in the Congo area although small amounts are also raised in Brazil, India and the Philippines. Urena has the same uses as jute.
- Utrecht Velvet
Originated in Utrecht, Holland where it was made of silk. It was pressed and crimped to produce a raised effect. Today both mohair and silk are used.