Fabric Dictionary


Characteristics: It is a synthetic rubber that can be stretched to at least three times its original length. Once the exerted pull force is released, this fiber returns to its original length.


Characteristics: its name comes from the term Eolus, which is Greek for God of Winds. This airy fiber has a low thread count and is very delicate. It is lightweight and is very lustrous.


Fiber: Wool, also rayon and silk.

Weave: any weave - usually a novelty - plain warp, novelty filling or reverse.

Characteristics: Derived from the French term eponge for "spongy". Very soft and sponge-like in a variety of novelty effects with loose weave of about 20 x 20. Also known as ratine in cotton. Rayon and silk is soft, loose, and spongy, something like terry cloth. Does not have surface loops. Many stores now call eponge "boucle".

Uses: Suits, dresses, coats, sportswear, and summer suits.

Eskimo Cloth

Weave: Satin or Twill

Characteristics: It is an over-coating with a thick nap. It is usually dyed so as to create wide stripes.

Uses: Over-coating.


Weave: Twill

Characteristics: It was originally made of wool, cotton or linen and used for sifting. It is now a worsted fabric with a very short nap and light in weight.

Uses: Clothing.