Fabric Dictionary

Union Cloth

A plain weave fabric made from two or more different fibers. most often a cotton warp and a linen filling.


This bast fiber comes from the Urena lobata plant. In its wild state it grows 3 to 7 feet high and when cultivated can grow as tall as 13 feet. The fiber strands are cream colored and have a wonderful luster. This fiber is mainly grown in the Congo area although small amounts are also raised in Brazil, India and the Philippines. Urena has the same uses as jute.

Utrecht Velvet

Originated in Utrecht, Holland where it was made of silk. It was pressed and crimped to produce a raised effect. Today both mohair and silk are used.